Wat is sonde? – Die belydenisskrifte

1. Lees die aanhalings uit die Nederlandse Geloofsbelydenis 15, die Westminster Korter Kategismus 14 sowel as die Westminster Geloofsbelydenis Hoofstuk 6 hieronder. Wat leer jy van wat sonde is? Wat beteken dit vir jou? Wat vra dit van jou?

Nederlandse Geloofsbelydenis 15

DIE ERFSONDE

Ons glo dat die erfsonde deur die ongehoorsaamheid van Adam oor die hele menslike geslag uitgebrei het. Dit is ‘n verdorwenheid van die hele natuur en ‘n oorgeërfde gebrek waarmee selfs die klein kindertjies in die moederskoot besmet is. Dit is hierdie wortel wat in die mens allerhande sondes laat uitspruit. Dit is daarom so afskuwelik en gruwelik voor God dat dit rede genoeg is om die menslike geslag te verdoem. Dit word selfs nie deur die doop geheel en al tot niet gemaak of volkome uitgeroei nie, aangesien die sonde aanhoudend uit hierdie verdorwenheid opborrel soos water uit ‘n giftige fontein. Dit word die kinders van God ewenwel nie tot verdoemenis toegereken nie maar deur sy genade en barmhartigheid vergewe. God vergewe nie sodat die gelowiges in die sonde gerus sou slaap nie maar wel sodat die besef van hierdie verdorwenheid hulle dikwels sou laat sug in die verlange om van hierdie liggaam van die dood verlos te word, Ons verwerp hiermee die dwaling van die Pelagiane, wat sê dat hierdie sonde uit niks anders as uit navolging ontstaan nie.

Ps. 51:7; Rom. 3:10; Joh. 3:6; Gen. 6:3; Ef. 2:5; Job 14:4; Rom. 5:14; 7:18-19.

Westminster Korter Kategismus 14

Q. 14. What is sin?

A. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of, the law of God.

Lev 5:17

Westminster Geloofsbelydenis 6

The Fall of Man, Sin, and the Punishment for Sin

1. Our first parents were led astray by the cunning temptation of Satan and sinned in eating the forbidden fruit.1 It pleased God to allow them to sin, because in his wisdom and holiness he planned to order their sin to his own glory.2

1. Gn 3.13, 2 Cor 11.3, Gn 3.1-14.

2. Rom 11.32, 5.19-21.

2. By this sin they fell from their original righteousness and fellowship with God,3 and so became dead in sin4 and completely polluted in all their faculties and parts of body and soul.5

3. Gn 3.6-8, Eccl 7.29, Rom 3.23, Gn 2.17.

4. Gn 2.17, Eph 2.1-3, Rom 5.12,

5. Ti 1.15, Gn 6.5, Jer 17.9, Rom 3.10-19, 8.6-8, Ps 58.1-5.

3. Since Adam and Eve are the root of all mankind, the guilt for this sin has been imputed to all human beings,6 who are their natural descendants and have inherited the same death in sin and the same corrupt nature.7

6. Gn 1.27-28, 2.16-17, Rom 5.12,15-19, Acts 17.26, 1 Cor 15.21-22,45,49.

7. Ps 51.5, Gn 5.3, Jb 14.4, 15.14, Jn 3 and 6, Rom 3.10-18.

4. This original corruption completely disinclines, incapacitates, and turns us away from every good, while it completely inclines us to every evil.8 From it proceed all actualized sins.9

8. Rom 5.6, 7.18, 8.7, Col 1.21, Jn 3.6, Gn 6.5, 8.21, Rom 3.10-19.

9. Jas 1.14-15, Eph 2.2-3, Mt 15.19.

5. During life on earth this corrupt nature remains in those who are regenerated,10 and, although it is pardoned and deadened in Christ, yet it and all its impulses are truly and properly sinful.11

10. 1 Jn 1.8,10, Rom 7.14, 17-18, 21-23, Jas 3.2, Prv 20.9, Eccl 7.20.

11. Rom 7.5, 7-8, 25, Gal 5.17.

6. Every sin, both original and actual, transgresses the righteous law of God and brings guilt on the sinner.12 Every sinner is consequently subjected to the wrath of God,13 the curse of the law,14 and death,15 with all the resultant miseries, spiritual, temporal, and eternal.16

12. 1 Jn 3.4, Rom 2.15, 3.9,19.

13. Eph 2.3, Rom 5.12.

14. Gal 3.10.

15. Rom 6.23, Gn 2.17.

16. Eph 4.18, Rom 8.20, Lam 3.39, Mt 25.41, 2 Thes 1.9, Rom 1.21-28, Lv 26.14ff, Dt 28.15ff.

2. Loof die Here in gebed vir die spesifieke wysheid en insig wat die geloofsbelydenisse jou gee oor wat sonde is en die effek daarvan.

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Wie is God?


Chris van Wyk

Ek is gemeenteleraar by Somerstrand gemeente, Port Elizabeth. My passie in die lewe is om God bo alles te dien en gelowiges in geloofsvorming te begelei. I am pastor at Summerstrand congregation, Port Elizabeth. My passion in life is to serve God above all and to lead believers in faith formation.

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